Adventurous Earth

Ladakh is the highest plateau of the Indian state of Kashmir with much of it being over 3,000 m (9,800 ft).[7] It spans the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges and the upper Indus River valley.

Historically, the area included the Baltistan (Baltiyul) valleys, the Indus Valley, the remote Zangskar, Lahaul and Spiti to the south, Ngari such as the Rudok area and Guge in the east, Aksai Chin in the east, and Nubra valley to the north more than Khardong La in the Ladakh mountain range. Modern Ladakh borders Tibet to the east, the Lahaul and Spiti to the south, the Vale of Kashmir, Jammu and Baltiyul regions to the west, and the trans-Kunlun region of Xinjiang on the other side of the Kunlun range across the Karakoram Pass in the far north. Running southwest to northeast, the Altyn Tagh converges with the Kunlun variety in Kashmir, which runs southeast to northwest forming a “V” shape to converge at Pulu. The geographical divide among Ladakh in the highlands of Kashmir and the Tibetan Plateau commences in the vicinity of Pulu. It continues southwards along the intricate maze of ridges situated east of Rudok, wherein are situated Aling Kangri and Mavang Kangri and culminates in the vicinity of Mayum La.

Prior to partition, Baltistan, now under Pakistani control, was a district in Ladakh. Skardo was the winter capital of Ladakh while Leh was the summer capital.

The mountain ranges in this region were formed over a period of 45 million years by the folding of the Indian plate into the more stationary Eurasian Plate. The drift continues, causing frequent earthquakes in the Himalayan area.[θ][20] The peaks in the Ladakh variety are at a medium altitude close to the Zoji-la (five,000-5,500 m or 16,000-18,050 ft), and boost towards south-east, culminating in the twin summits of Nun-Kun (7000 m or 23,000 ft).

The Suru and Zangskar valleys type a great trough enclosed by the Himalayas and the Zangskar range. Rangdum is the highest inhabited area in the Suru valley, after which the valley rises to 4,400 m (14,436 ft) at Pensi-la, the gateway to Zangskar. Kargil, the only town in the Suru valley, is the second most critical town in Ladakh. It was an crucial staging post on the routes of the trade caravans prior to 1947, getting much more or less equidistant, at about 230 kilometres from Srinagar, Leh, Skardu and Padum. The Zangskar valley lies in the troughs of the Stod and the Lungnak rivers. The region experiences heavy snowfall the Pensi-la is open only amongst June and mid-October. Dras and the Mushkoh Valley kind the western extremity of Ladakh.

The Indus river is the backbone of Ladakh. Most main historical and current towns — Shey, Leh, Basgo and Tingmosgang (but not Kargil), are situated close to the Indus River. Right after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, the stretch of the Indus flowing via Ladakh is the only portion of this river, which is tremendously venerated in the Hindu religion and culture, that still flows via India.

The Siachan Glacier is positioned in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed India-Pakistan border. The Karakoram variety types a wonderful watershed that separates China from the Indian subcontinent and is occasionally known as the “Third Pole.” The glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge right away to the west and the major Karakoram range to the east. At 70 km long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world’s non-polar areas. It falls from an altitude of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above sea level at its supply at Indira Col on the China border down to 3,620 m (11,875 ft) at its snout. The passes and some dominating heights on the Saltoro ridge, which has a crestline with heights from 5,450 to 7,720 m (17,880 to 25,330 feet), are occupied by troops on both sides.

Saser Kangri is the highest peak in the Saser Muztagh, the easternmost subrange of the Karakoram variety in India, Saser Kangri I obtaining an altitude of 7,672 m (25,171 ft).

Month-to-month average temperature in Leh

The Ladakh range has no significant peaks its typical height is a tiny less than six,000 m (19,700 ft), and handful of of its passes are significantly less than five,000 m (16,400 ft). The Pangong variety runs parallel to the Ladakh variety about one hundred km northwest from Chushul, along the southern shore of the Pangong Lake. Its highest range is six,700 m (22,000 ft) and the northern slopes are heavily glaciated. The area comprising the valley of the Shayok and Nubra rivers is identified as Nubra. The Karakoram variety in Ladakh is not as mighty as in Baltistan. The massifs to the north and east of the Nubra-Siachen line consist of the Apsarasas group (highest point 7,245 m, 23,770 ft), the Rimo group (highest point 7,385 m, 24,230 ft) and the Teram Kangri group (highest point 7,464 m, 24,488 ft), together with Mamostong Kangri (7,526 m, 24691 ft) and Singhi Kangri (7,751 m, 25,430 ft). North of the Karakoram lies the Kunlun. Therefore, among Leh and eastern Central Asia there is a triple barrier — the Ladakh range, Karakoram range, and Kunlun. Nevertheless, a main trade route was established between Leh and Yarkand.

Ladakh is a high altitude desert as the Himalayas create a rain shadow, denying entry to monsoon clouds. The primary supply of water is the winter snowfall on the mountains. Current flooding in the area has been attributed to abnormal rain patterns and retreating glaciers, both of which might be linked to international warming.[21] The Leh Nutrition Project, headed by Chewang Norphel, also known as the ‘Glacier Man’, currently creates artificial glaciers as one particular answer for retreating glaciers.[22][23]

The regions on the north flank of the Himalayas — Dras, the Suru valley and Zangskar — experience heavy snowfall and stay cut off from the rest of the region for a number of months in the year, as the complete region remains reduce off by road from the rest of the country. Summers are quick, though they are long enough to develop crops. The summer season climate is dry and pleasant. Temperature ranges are from three to 35 °C in summer time and minimums variety from -20 to -35 °C in winter.[24]