Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that affects pregnant women only. In these specific women, their blood glucose levels are higher than they should normally be. There are a number of reasons why some women develop this disease. Therefore gestational diabetes in pregnancy has to be a concern, if you fall into some of the ranges of risk. Care for gestational diabetes, conversations between you and your physician will be necessary if you fall in line with one or more of the risks. Obesity is a risk factor in a number of conditions, but especially gestational diabetes.
Race is connected to gestational diabetes in pregnancy. Women, who are of a certain race, and are obese fall under more risk. At the top of the list of races, susceptible to this form of diabetes, are African Americans. Other races who are at risk are Native Americans, as well as, Hispanics. There are other risk factors that relate to gestational diabetes in pregnancy. These are important bits of information, all used in determining this disease.
Family history is an important consideration related to diabetes during pregnancy. If there are people in your family, who now have diabetes, they will be factored into this determination process. Pregnant women, who have experienced still born births in the past, also see a connection. Gestational diabetes in pregnancy can result.
Risks do not only have to do with gestational diabetes in pregnancy. They follow the mother and child well after delivery. In most cases, pregnant women who develop GD, continue to be susceptible even after pregnancy. These women have been known to go on to develop Type 2 diabetes mellitus. This disease is generally referred to as Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disorder characterized by high levels of blood glucose, just like pregnancy related diabetes. This form of diabetes is related to an insulin resistance in the person. Type 2 diabetes is initially combated through dietary changes, and exercise. Often though, it has to be handled with medications, as the disease progresses.
The risks to a baby born to a mother with gestational diabetes can be serious. Most of these risks will occur later in this baby’s childhood, or later in life. First of all, these babies tend to be much larger than they should be for their gestational age. This largeness often produces complications when it’s time to deliver the baby.
Some of these babies will go on to experience low blood sugar, themselves. They may even appear jaundice. When the children, born to mothers withGD, grow up, they usually have to battle obesity. Many children born to these mothers will have problems with weight throughout their entire lives.
Many of these children will go on to develop Type 2 diabetes themselves. This typically occurs later on in life, though. Just because these risks exist, it doesn’t mean that preventive measures cannot be put in place. With proper management of both exercise and diet, these children do not have to develop diabetes, at all.