Archeology as an Academic Discipline, Its Sub-disciplines

Academic discipline is the branch of a human knowledge in a certain sphere of life. There are Humanitarian, Social, Natural, Formal, and applied academic discipline. Archeology is academic social discipline which deals with the exploration of past societies of the world. The process of the exploration is closely connected with the discovery, recovery, and the analysis of the artifacts of past cultures. Through the material смысл не понятен culture archeologists study the history of different world cultures, and the process of their development. The Structure of the Archeology Archeology has its own sub-disciplines. The history of mankind is very long and, consequently, the object of archeological investigation is too wide as well. There are such sub-disciplines of archeology as Assyriology, Classical Archeology, Phoeniciology, Egyptology, and many others. Let us consider these sub-disciplines closer: 1. Assyriology is the branch of Archeological science which investigates the historical and cultural development of Mesopotamia. It should be pointed out that scientists in this field should be aware of such languages as Akkadian, Sumerian, Biblical Hebrew, Hittite, Elamite, and Aramaic in order to understand some manuscripts of Mesopotamian culture. 2. Classical archeology is the branch of archeology which studies the history and culture of the Ancient World. The Ancient World includes such countries as Ancient Rome and Greece. 3. Phoeniciology is the branch of Archeology which studies the history and the culture of ancient settlements which were situated at the territory of such contemporary countries as Spain, Corsica, Sicily, Israel, Malta, and Cyprus. These territories in archeological world are called Phoenicia. 4. Egyptology is one of the main branches of Archeology. It investigates the ancient Egyptian world, its culture and history. It is the fact that ancient Egyptians were archeologists themselves. As well as contemporary Egyptologists, they tried to recover some cultural monuments. For example, the Sphinx was recovered by the archeologists of one of the ancient Pharaohs.