Asperger syndrome definition (also called Asperger’s disorder), is a neurodevelopmental disorder discovered by Dr. Hans Asperger. He was an Austrian scientist who did his early work in the 1940s. The Second World War prevented his investigations from coming to light until the late1990s when his work was translated from German to English.
Asperger’s syndrome by definition, AS, has many of the same symptoms as autism, but they seem to be consistently of a lesser degree. People with Asperger’s have difficulties with social interactions. This is something that does not come naturally to them and must be learned, instead of happening intuitively as it does with others. People with AS have difficulty making eye contact, it makes them very uncomfortable. They also have unusual gestures sometimes exaggerated, sometimes just not what you’d expect.
People with Asperger’s are often fixated on certain things or specific interests. One person may be obsessed with American Presidents while another may fixate on the flags of African countries that have existed for less than twenty-five years or collect license plates from blue cars. They may have little interest in other things outside this central obsession.
In communication people with AS will talk in a very narrow, though often well spoken manner that is often very bookish in its approach. They are very precise in what they say and how they interpret what is said to them. These people frequently have an interesting sense of humor with a knack for puns.
In other methods of communication like written words, it’s interesting to see that the children with Asperger’s are often as skilled as other children. But their use of the letters and proper words lack a degree of skill.
Those with Asperger’s have the same unusual difficulties in dealing with emotional interplay. They are unable to show empathy with others. They do not make normal attachments with people and may even be more attached to things then to people. When told they have reacted improperly to others emotions they react with anger or shock, not understanding how what they did was wrong. The five senses cause them some problems; they are very sensitive to smell, touch, sound, sight and taste with overload being a big problem for them.
People with Asperger’s Syndrome have all the same difficulties as those with Kanner’s autism they just have it to a different degree and people with Asperger’s syndrome tend to over all be higher functioning.