Bollywood stands for Hindi film industry in Mumbai. The maximum films are produced by Bollywood in India. People in India mostly keep in touch with Bollywood. As per to my point of view, 70% of Indians watch TV once in a day. Mostly TV keeps people in touch with Bollywood. Mostly Mumbaikars are interested in watching Bollywood movies. It has many different categories such as romantic, action, drama, thriller, suspense movies etc. Nowadays music is playing important role for hits of movies.
The name “Bollywood” is derived fromBombay(the former name for Mumbai).Bollywood does not exist as a physical place like Hollywood. Tollywood name was inspired from Hollywood, referring to the Bengali film industry based in Tollygunge, Calcutta. And Bollywood was inspired by Tollywood. The name Tollywood went on to be used as a nickname for the Bengali film industry and established a precedent for other film industries to use similar sounding names, leading to the term – Bollywood being kept. In 1970’s, Bollywood got its origin when India overtook America as the world’s largest film producer. Credit for the term has been claimed by several different people, including the lyricist, filmmaker and scholar.
The industry produced Raja Harishchandra in 1913, the first silent feature film. 200 films were been produced per annum in 1930s. In 1931, film Alam Ara was a major commercial success and brought a huge market for theatres and musicals. In 1937, the first colour film in hindi was made named Kisan Kanya. And next year, the same director made another color film, a version of Mother India.
India’s Independence brought the golden age for Hindi Cinema. The big hit movies like Pyaasa, Kaagaz ke Phool, Awaara and Shree 420 were been produced during this period. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, action films and romance movies were produced. In 2000, Bollywood got popularity in the world. Special effects, animation and so on led the nation’s filmmaking to new heights in term of quality. Yash Raj Films and Dharma Productions were the producers of new modern films.
Mother India, Salaam Bombay and Lagaan were the films to be nominated for Oscar award. Mother India was very close to win the Oscar award but missed it just by one vote. Lagaan won the Audience Award at the Locarno International Film Festival. It was also nominated at 74th Academy Awards. None of the Bollywood movies have won the Oscar yet. The jury of 58th National Film Awards had made a recommendation in 2011 that every movie winning the Best Film award at the National Film Awards should be the official entry to the Oscars for a nomination for Best Foreign Film of the following year.
It was believed that aiming for a broad spectrum would maximize box office receipts. However, filmmakers may be moving towards accepting some box-office segmentation between films that appeal to rural Indians and films that appeal to urban and overseas audiences. People have different type of likes and interests in Bollywood which they tame to fulfil by watching their favourite movies.