Information On How To Compost – Go Eco Friendly And Green

Studies show that a large percentage of the household waste
that reaches landfills, contributing to all the
disadvantages and hazards that landfills bring, is composed
of kitchen waste. Speaking as someone who’s always had a
compost heap and can’t imagine life without one, I can’t
believe that people would throw such a valuable resource
away…

Composting is one of the simplest ways to cut down on the
amount of waste generated by your household (or organisation
– workplaces, churches and clubs often throw compostable
waste into rubbish destined for the landfill). What’s more,
it has some added benefits – you’re left with magnificent
organic fertiliser for your garden (or even houseplants).

Who can compost? Nearly everybody can. If you have a small
garden, there’s bound to be one small corner where you can
tuck a bin or heap. If you have an apartment, you may have
more of a difficulty in finding a place for composting, but
don’t despair. Compostables can be stored in black plastic
bags or bins, and you’re bound to have a friend or a
relative who has a garden or allotment and will be happy to
take your compost away for use (you might even get some
homegrown veggies in return).

The first thing you will need for any compost heap of any
size is something to keep it in. While it is possible to get
reasonably good compost just by popping everything into a
rough heap in the corner of the garden, this isn’t the most
efficient method. Besides, it doesn’t look very good. A
better option is to create some kind of structure to keep
the compost contained. This will also allow warmth to
generate within the heap as the compost breaks down,
creating favourable conditions for beneficial
microorganisms.

Ideally, you will need more than one bin or stack in your
compost heap. Three is ideal, but two is adequate. These
work on the same principle as in-trays on an office desk –
in, processing and out (or in and out). Compost heaps can be
constructed in many ways. Black plastic bags are basic but
not very pleasant. Large bottomless plastic bins with lids
(the size of rubbish bins or larger) work well, especially
if made of darker material that absorbs sunlight to get the
compost good and hot. A do-it-yourself type can easily
construct a container using wooden stakes and either
corrugated iron sheets (old roofing iron works) or wire
netting around the outside. My compost heaps are made of pea
straw bales pushed into a rectangle – these can be kept at
one layer high or increased. Straw bales work just as well.
The advantage of these is that the construction material
eventually breaks down as well, adding to the compost heap
even further.

Your compost bin should either be placed on soil, or else
dirt should be added to the bottom of your heap. This acts
as a “starter” to begin the process of breaking down kitchen
waste. For perfect compost, make sure you have some worms in
your “starter”. You can place bins or a stack on concrete – I
had to do this once to stop a rat digging into the compost
bin – but dirt is ideal.

What do you put onto a compost heap? You can put any garden
waste and any kitchen waste into the compost heap. As a
matter of fact, anything that has an organic origin can go
in. This includes papers, old leather shoes, cat litter,
wood ash, cloth made from artificial fibres and the contents
of your vacuum cleaner bag. Some things take longer to rot
down than others (leather, cloth and bones take a while), so
when you come to using the compost, these items may need to
be fished out and put back into the heap. Some people get
very scientific about the proportions of different types of
waste, but a good rule of thumb is to make sure that you
have about the same amount of “wet” waste (lawn clippings,
vegetable peelings, weeds, etc) to “dry” waste (dead leaves,
paper, straw, ash, etc). If you want to really enrich your
compost heap for use in the garden, then you can collect
seaweed and animal manure to add in.

And at the end of it all, you’ll be left with the richest,
blackest organic fertiliser that you can put on your garden.
And, contrary to popular expectations, it doesn’t even smell
too bad!

How to Make and Use Compost: The Ultimate Guide

BOLA TANGKAS