Kidney Disease Causes and Symptoms and Treatment of Acute Kidney Injury

Kidney diseases are disorders that affect the kidneys; the two organs that remove waste products, produce certain hormones, and regulate the level of chemicals in blood.

The goal of treatment for chronic kidney disease is to prevent or slow additional damage to your kidneys. Another condition such as diabetes or high blood pressure usually causes kidney disease, so it is important to identify and manage the condition that is causing your kidney disease. It is also important to prevent diseases or avoid situations that can cause kidney damage or make it worse.

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Causes and Risk Factors of Kidney Diseases

Unfortunately, the cause of many kidney diseases is still unknown, but controlling high blood pressure and diabetes can reduce the risk of many kidney diseases.

Symptoms of Kidney Diseases

Although many forms of kidney disease do not produce symptoms until late in the course of the disease, there are at least six warning signs that may indicate kidney disease:

Burning or difficulty during urination
An increase in the frequency of urination
Passage of blood in the urine
Puffiness around the eyes, swelling of the hands and feet
Pain in the small of the back just below the ribs
High blood pressure


Treatment of Acute Kidney Injury

Treatment of acute kidney injury is a complex process that involves reducing fluid and solid build up, and avoiding infection. Because the kidneys serve the function of “filtering” the blood, fluids and solids can quickly build up when kidney function has ceased. To reduce build up, alteration in diet is a primary step in treating acute kidney injury. This process involves limiting fluid intake, and increasing carbohydrate intake.

Dialysis is also common in treatment of acute kidney injury. Dialysis is an operation that basically completes the task of the kidneys by filtering and regulating blood. Treating blood through dialysis allows the kidneys to heal as they are not being used as much (Mayo Clinic).

Since victims of acute kidney injury have a limited ability to process toxins, treatment also involves preventing infections. This often involves the administration of antibiotics to insure an infection does not take place.

Acute kidney injury is a serious, life-threatening injury. It is essential for those with symptoms to get treatment as quickly as possible. After a cause has been determined, and treatment as begun, it often takes several weeks to months before the kidney begins full independent function again.