Celtic settlements stretched from Turkey and the Balkans right across Western Europe. But it was really the upward push of the Roman Empire that would expose the absence of cohesion between the various Celtic clans and would lead to them being overrun, expelled from their territories and being pushed back to the western fringes of the continent.
Though the conventional Celts flourished across Europe, it is in Eire where their customs have been most saved. One side of this culture that still survives today is the design and this is most typically seen in jewellery like celtic wedding rings. Their artwork was made claims to be extraordinarily symbolic often being based on nature using photos of birds and animals and fish.
The Celts thought strongly in the interconnectedness of all life and produced the familiar Celtic Knots, which are interlaced patterns with no beginning and no end. The Claddagh is a normal symbol of love and closeness and is believed to have originated from Claddagh in Galway as far back as the 16th century since when has been worn by many as a wedding ring and as a symbol of love. The planning of the Claddagh contains a heart as a symbol of love, a crown as a symbol of fidelity or faithfulness and the hands published comradeship.
They are equal armed crosses which are enclosed or backed by a circle. Geometrical designs have always feature prominently in Celtic artwork with spirals, chevrons, scrolls and knot work. The Celtic spirals are terribly symbolic with the single spiral generally thought to point out expansion enlargement and cosmic energy. The twin centred spiral found frequently on stone carvings signifies duality and nature and is related to motifs from other cultures like the Ying Yang symbol.
Celtic knot work designs remain preferred today and can change from single sublime knot patterns to complicated complicated interlaced patterns. Though the symbolism of celtic designs should have been lost, lots of the designs remain favored today and will frequently be seen employed in the design of jewellery and especially Celtic Marriage rings.