Martin Luther King, whose journey to turn an divided America into a united America, is still in the mind of every American citizen. Below are the seven major events in his life.
7. January 15, 1929 is the day that God brought Dr. King into this world to fulfill a great destiny teaching mankind to love one another, instead of hating each other.
6. Martin Luther King, Jr., was originally called “Michael King, Jr.,” that is until the family visited Europe in the year 1934 and travelled to Germany. His father quickly changed both of their birth names to Martin Luther in the highest honor of the German Protestant leader Martin Luther.
5. King got married to Coretta Scott, on June 18, 1953, on the front lawn of her mom and dad’s’ house in her childhood town of Heiberger, Alabama. King and Scott bore four children together.
4. Civil rights leader, trusted theologian, and skilled educator Howard Thurman was a big early influence on dr. King. A classmate of King’s dad at Morehouse College, Thurman mentored the young King and his friends. Thurman’s missionary work had taken him abroad where he had met and conferred with Mahatma Gandhi. When he was a student at Boston University, King often visited Thurman, who was the dean of Marsh Chapel. Walter Fluker, who has studied Thurman’s writings, has stated, “I don’t believe you’d get a Martin Luther King, Jr. without a Howard Thurman”.
3. In March 1955, a 15-year-old school girl, Claudette Colvin, steadfastly refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in legal compliance with the Jim Crow laws. King was on the African-American committee from the Birmingham community that examined the case; Edgar Nixon and Clifford Durr chose to wait for a better incident to pursue. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was placed under arrest for refusing to give up her seat. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and strategically planned by Nixon and led by King, soon followed. The boycott lingered on for 385 days, and the dire situation became so intense that King’s house was tragically bombed. King was placed under arrest during this challenging campaign, which finally came to an end with a United States District Court ruling in Browder v. Gayle that ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses.
2. Throughout his lengthy career of public service, King wrote and spoke often, drawing on his great experience as a preacher. His “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, written in 1963, is a “passionate” statement of his fight for justice. On October 14, 1964, King became the youngest recipient of the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize, which was given to him for leading non-violent resistance to put an end to racial prejudice in the United States.
1. TRAGEDY——-> King was lodging in room 306 at the Lorraine Motel, owned by Walter Bailey, in Memphis. The Reverend Ralph Abernathy, King’s close pal and colleague who was present at the brutal assassination, swore under oath to the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations that King and his entourage stayed at room 306 at the Lorraine Motel so often it was known as the ‘King-Abernathy suite.' King was shot at 6:01 p.m. April 4, 1968 while he was standing on the motel’s second floor balcony. The bullet entered through his right cheek smashing his jaw and then traveled down his spinal cord before lodging in his shoulder.