Mental retardation (MR) is a developmental disability that first appears in children under the age of 18. It is defined as a level of intellectual functioning (as measured by standard intelligence tests ) that is well below average and results in significant limitations in the person’s daily living skills (adaptive functioning).
What Are The Signs Of Mental Retardation?
There are many signs of mental retardation. For example, children with mental retardation may:
1. sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children;
2. learn to talk later, or have trouble speaking,
3. find it hard to remember things,
4. not understand how to pay for things,
5. have trouble understanding social rules,
6. have trouble seeing the consequences of their actions,
7. have trouble solving problems, and/or
8. have trouble thinking logically.
Causes of Mental Retardation
1. Genetical – Mongolism.
2. Nutritional – Iodine deficiency / poor gestational nutrition.
3. Obstetrical birth injuries of head – poor APGAR score at birth.
4. Some infections of brain – tubercular meningitis, viral (rubella), protozoal (toxoplasma) etc.
5. Severe dehydration – High grade fever in childhood can cause irreversible injuries.
6. Head injuries.
7. Poor social environment
Assessment is done by mental aging, psychological scoring and I.Q. testing.
Treatment Of Mentally Retarded Children:-
It is difficult to treat in Allopathy. As such there are no medicines for direct application, except nutritional support of tonics. Ayurveda do offer some medicines like Acorus calamus, Celastrus peniculus, Bacopa monnieri etc. But their efficacy is not uniform and success rate is poor in cases of childhood mental retardation.
Homeopathy offers a definite advantage of uniform success rate, graded progressive response with time frame, their accuracy & positivity is highest. Mostly the improvement starts within 1 to 2 months and can achieve the highest recoverable mental potential within 1 year of treatment. These medicines repairs glial damage and promotes dendritic connections which uplifts neuronal set ups to higher level of functioning. Medicines are easy to take and have no side effects