Microcosm of India Experience in R.K.Narayan’s Select Brief Stories
The brief story as a literary genre is identified in all the Indian languages. It is a practical substitute for novel for it delivers on a smaller scale and in a short manner the exact same pleasures that the novel does. It normally depicts a single incident in a forcible way leaving a sturdy impression on the minds of the readers. Plot, characterization and structure are combined to create a short story. In India the periodicals and journals play a essential role in popularizing the short story.
A lot of names can be incorporated to prepare an index of the quick story writers of these days. R.K.Narayan stands foremost as an Indian English writer, who learnt his English from books and newspapers. He has been productive in adapting English as his automobile of creative expression and evolving a style that is sufficient adequate to render the Indian encounter.Though his art type is western, his theme, atmosphere, scenarios and scenes are truly Indian. In all his functions his major fort is middle-class life. He depicts life as it is but his language is desirable enough to maintain the onlookers deeply involved.
As a significant artist, his greatest pre-occupation is to study man in his surrounding atmosphere. The daily life of the Indians, the traditions of the land and certainly the superstitions and values of India achieve a form in the exceptional short story collection “Beneath the Banyan Tree” and Other Stories. It is a collection of quick stories involving incidents and experiences in the life of the frequent man.
Most of his stories take spot in Malgudi, an imaginary town in South India that serves as a type of “golden imply”, neither a big, impersonal city nor an obscure, isolated village, by means of which Narayan explores the dilemmas of modernization. For e.g. in the story “Nitya” the tonsure ceremony comes to an abrupt finish as Nitya leaves the spot and avoids the rape of his locks which he considers not befitting the milieu in which he lives.
In the story “Dodu” Indian scenes and situations are minutely described. The ‘Pests-Man’ climbing up a coconut tree and plucking sap located at its top creates a typical South Indian atmosphere. He also gives a realistic picture of the plight of Indian villagers. He authentically portrays the difficulties of a country dependent on agriculture and monsoons. Drought leads to the inevitable famine, dying cattle, lack of water, hoarding by merchants, riots, penance, puja and sacrifices to appease the rain-God. Narayan gives a touching description of poverty-stricken life of Rural South Indian widespread man in “A Horse and Two Goats”. Due to the a lot of years of drought and famine, his flock is reduced to only two scrawny goats. There is no running water and no electrical energy. The gloomy picture, as usual, only attracts the attention of the government, vacationers and journalists but the difficulty of the villagers remains unattended.
Narayan’s stories are peopled with all varieties of South Indian – peasants, servants, landlords, shopkeepers and kids. At occasions he is even coarse, dealing cynically with middle-class values but his heart is filled with the milk of human-kindness. He appears at life with a detachment, ignores its darker elements and appears to appreciate each moment of its apparently lighter side. By way of his stories he touches every Indian heart and shares his insight of rural life and human nature. The richness and the magic of his stories emanate from an enchanting area of the orient exactly where primitive culture, religious beliefs and the spiritual aspect of life still play an important part in the their daily routine.
Narayan has the mesmeric capability to fascinate his audience. This he achieves with a masterful mixture of economy and rhythm, creating haunting photos and a range of settings to evoke a special contradiction of reality and folklore. The collection “Beneath the Banyan Tree” Other stories contains warmly observed characters from each stroll of Indian experiences. The characters and the situations are so genuine that a single wonders whether or not the author picked them out of his personal experiences. The basis of his character is mutual human connection.
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