Montessori and the Fundamental Needs of Humans

A number of quotations from Maria Montessori will give you a clue of what the Montessori method is all about. For many parents, having the right information about Montessori education is crucial before sending kids to school. Here are some basic facts you might be interested in.


Universal Education for Peace


The concepts of principles of Montessori stand out. Among those that are truly distinctive are the drive for total child education and cosmic awareness. One other educational thrust that is truly commendable is education for peace. Both the educator and the child become whole individuals who encourage lasting peace. This is a prime concept that has earned Montessori the admiration of the world for which she became a nominee for the Nobel Prize. Apparently though, teaching the promotion of peace may not always be the uncomplicated.


Basic Needs


There area a variety of approaches that can be used to introduce the concept of peace. The fundamental needs of humans is a crucial principle that can lead to the beginning or educating for peace. It is understood in all Montessori institutions that the basic needs of the learner should be addressed first before the ingredients of peace which include self determination, cooperation and socio-environmental responsibility can be established.


Fundamental needs are divided into two. Humans start off with material needs. As you may have already guessed this includes more than just food and clothing. Humans also need shelter, safety and other factors that contribute to a secure and comfortable existence. The second fundamental need is spiritual in nature. When all the basic needs are provided, humans have a desire for artistic, cultural, social and religious expression and interaction.


Teachers of Montessori


The teacher is a crucial factor in any education system. The role of the teacher in the Montessori method may even be more demanding for some. The teacher here is the director. He is initially responsible for preparing the right environment for the learners. It is also the teacher’s responsibility to ensure that he is a true model of the principles and beliefs that a child needs to learn to become a whole human being and an agent of peace. In other words, a teacher needs to undergo an internal overhaul himself to become effective.


Role of the Child


The teacher as directress can only go so far. Much of the learning experience relies on the learners themselves. Teachers decrease putting their finger into the learning experience as the learner matures. In the end a teacher ultimately becomes an observer. The reason for this is that children are believed to have their own inner resources for learning. Learners are capable of choosing the situations and conditions which promote their interest to learn.


There is more to learn about the fundamental needs of humans and Maria Montessori. This brief information however can establish the right mind set for discovering Montessori even more.


BOLA TANGKAS