Social interaction in autism
Autismis undoubtedly one of the most painful problems ever to encounter afamily. The birth of a child is usually the joyous and most expectant of moments – unless the baby fails to develop the usual behaviors that will attach him or her to the world. Inautism, there is nosocial smile, no need to cuddle or be held, a seeming reluctance in human interaction , and a failure to agnize caregivers. It seems as if the baby is in a world of its own, so unresponsive that you wonder if it has been born deaf.
Children with autismexhibit severe and sustained developmental impairments that start shortly after birth and remain profoundly disabling throughout life. Thechildis disinterested in social interactions, indifferent to human warmth and affection, and rarely takes notice of otherchildren. He is unable to formpeer relationships, seldom engages in play withchildren, and prefers solitary games that involve other people only to the extent they serve as a tool or aid. Older individuals withautismmay come to have more interest in social interaction, but they lackinterpersonal understandingand have difficulty respecting other people’s boundaries.
A person withAutismis ultra-sensitive and inflexible to ambiance changes and will insist that things be done repetitively following just exactly the same routine day after day for an entire lifetime. He eats only a few select foods prepared and served in a particular way at a particular time on a particular dish. He becomes aggressive if any deviation occurs from the usual pattern.
Do not assume that your child may haveautismif any of the normaldevelopmental skills such as smiling, walking, talking or interacting with accomplices take a bit longer than usual. Most kids will catch up and subsequently do just fine. It is also not uncommon for normalchildrento become transiently fixated on one or two things, such as eating from the same bowl. Furthermore, somechildrenare just not by nature very loving and cuddly. This does not mean that they haveautism. Autismdescribes really marked delays indevelopmental milestones united with intense behavioraloddities and a lack of communication skills. Social interaction in autismis so impaired that thechildlacks any considerable interest or enjoyment in relationships with others. The repetitious behavior patterns occur over and over and for a lifetime, almost to the exclusion of all other things.
Unfortunately, there are no medications available that will predictably bring achild with autismout of his shell. Treatments tend to focus on reducing the harmful behaviors and educational efforts promoting learning and language development so that thechildcan function to the best of his capabilities. Because of the wide individual diversity in autism, special educational opportunities must be specifically tailored to each child’s strengths and weaknesses. A predictable plan enhances thechild’s feeling of control.