Food additives Position in the food industry is particularly important Nutrition Enhancer As a food additive in food applications is wider. Nutrient supplement is defined as “to enhance the nutrients added by the food is natural or synthetic food additives of natural nutrients.”
Increasing as people’s living standard, the focus of attention shifted to health and nutrition from food and clothing, in the more refined and processed food industry today, nutrient supplement played a significant role. In 2004 the State Council issued the National Nutrition and Health Survey results show that there are Chinese residents can not be ignored nutrition, micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent in our urban and rural residents, especially calcium, iron, zinc, vitamin B1, B2, vitamin A, etc. particularly severe. China is the world’s top wheat production and consumption of power, in the implementation of China Flour Strengthened to improve the nutritional status of the public is necessary and feasible.
1, the role of nutrition fortifier:
Food fortification general role is to ensure people at all growth stages, and various working conditions, access to comprehensive good nutrition to meet physiological, life and work normally need to maintain and improve health.
Human natural food, almost no one kind of simple food to meet all the nutritional needs of the human body, as all peoples dietary habits, regional varieties of food harvesting and production, living standards and so forth, few make the daily diet contains all the nutrients, often appear in certain nutritional deficiencies. According to nutrition surveys, around the general lack of vitamin B2, consumption of polished rice, refined flour in the region lacked vitamin B1, the lack of regional fruits and vegetables are often a lack of vitamin C, but it often iodine deficiency. If these problems can be targeted locally based diet through fortification to solve, we can reduce and prevent diseases, enhance the human body.
Other foods in processing, storage and transportation tend to lose some of its own with nutrients. Refined flour, such as vitamin B1, vitamin B2 and other nutrients have lost a considerable proportion of the same material, due to different processing methods, the loss of nutrients are also different. In actual production, we should minimize the loss of food during processing, but also can be supplemented by the addition of nutrient supplement.
II fortified flour products need to:
Wheat production in China one of the most extensive grain, wheat flour products are the staple of our population, because of its wide geographical distribution, good stability, good processing characteristics, is to provide people with the appropriate carrier of micronutrients. By adding some trace elements in wheat flour, you can let the residents of flour-based food supplement nutrients in their daily lives, and this enhanced nutrient flour over low cost, easy to operate.
Natural vitamin wheat B1, B2, niacin, iron, zinc and other nutrient sources, but these nutrients concentrated in the outer layer of wheat grains, there will be considerable in the processing part of the loss, and flour yield more low loss of their vitamins and minerals the greater the extraction rate at 85%, 40% of nutrient losses, when the extraction rate of 70%, the nutrient loss will be as high as 60%.
Since the end of 2002, China flour fortification work is carried out gradually across the country. And recommended for flour fortification “flour 6 +1 formula”, “7 +1 flour recipes”, including vitamins B1, B2, niacin, folic acid, iron, zinc, calcium and nutrients. National Quality Supervision Bureau in 2007 issued a “fortified wheat flour standard” once again shows that the state of the wheat flour fortification attention. BOLA TANGKAS