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Pakistan displays some of Asia’s most magnificent landscapes as it stretches from the Arabian Sea, its southern border, to some of the world’s most spectacular mountain ranges in the north. Pakistan is also home to sites that date back to word’s earliest settlements rivaling those of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.


* Located in South Asia, Pakistan shares an eastern border with India and a north-eastern border with China. Iran makes up the country’s south-west border, and Afghanistan runs along its western and northern edge. The Arabian Sea is Pakistan’s southern boundary with 1,064 km of coastline.

* The country has a total area of 796,095 sq km and is nearly four times the size of the United Kingdom. From Gwadar Bay in its south-eastern corner, the country extends more than 1,800 km to the Khunjerab Pass on China’s border.

Official Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Father of the Nation: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet: Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the State: Asif Ali Zardari, President
Head of Government: Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani, Prime MinisterCapital Islamabad

Area Total: 796,095 Sq. km.

Punjab 205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh 140,914 Sq. km.
North West Frontier Province 74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital) 906 Sq. km.

Population: 165 million (estimated)-132 million (1998 census)

* Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining NWFP is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Districts.
Religion 95% Muslims, 5% others.
Annual per capita income US $ 1085 GDP 5.8%

Currency Pak. Rupee

Imports :Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles,steel, iron ore,petroleum,edible oil,pulses, tea.

Exports:Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets , sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep.and fruit.

Urdu (National) and English (Official)
Literacy rate 53%
Government Parliamentary form Parliament
Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).

* The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.

* The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).

Pakistan National Flag
Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.

National Anthem Approved in August, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds
State Emblem The State Emblem consists of:

* The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam.
* The shield in the centre shows four major crops.
* Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage.
* Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline.

Pakistan’s Official Map
Drawn by: Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)
National Flower: Jasmine.
National Tree: Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National Animal: Markhor.
National Bird: Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Flora: Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
Fauna: The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
Popular games: Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
Tourist’s resorts: Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological sites: Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Major Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
Major Crops: Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
Agricultural Growth Rate: 4.1 % on the average for the last six years–1.5% in 2007-08
Total cropped area: 25.01 million hectares
Industry: Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
Energy: Major sources Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity 22763 MW (See

 Hospitals 916
 Dispensaries 4,600
 Basic Health Units (BHUs) 5,301
 Maternity & Child Health Centres 906
 Rural Health Centres (RHCs) 552
 Tuberculosis (TB) Centres 289
 Hospital Beds 99,908
 Doctors (registered) 113,206
 Dentists (registered) 6,127
 Nurses (registered) 48,446
 Paramedics 23,559
 Lady Health Workers 6,741


 Primary Schools 155,000
 Middle Schools 28,728
 High Schools 16,100
 Secondary Vocational Institutions 636
 Arts & Science Colleges 1,066
 Professional Colleges 382
 Universities 51

Transport & Communication

 Total length of roads 259, 758 km
 Pakistan Railway network 7,791 km
 Locomotives 580
 Railway stations 781

Pakistan International Airlines: Covers 38 international and 24 domestic stations with a fleet of 49 planes.(See.

Major Airports: Eight (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar) (See.

Seaports: International Three Karachi, Bin Qasim and Gwadar
Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports Three (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)

Communications: Post Offices 12,170 (See.

Telephone connections: 5,052,000 (See.

Public Call Offices: 217,597
Telegraph offices: 299
Internet Connections: 2 million
Mobile Phones: 10,542,641

 Total Labour force 46.84 million
 Employed Labour Force 43.22 million
 Agriculture Sector 18.60 million
 Manufacturing & Mining sector 5.96 million
 Construction 2.52 million
 Trade 6.39 million
 Transport 2.48 million
 Others 6.98 million


Print Media (In accordance with Central Media List)

 Dailies 540
 Weeklies 444
 Fortnightlies 55
 Monthlies 268

News Agencies:Official APP (See.

Private PPI, NNI, On Line and Sana.

Electronic Media
Public Sector
Pakistan Television Corporation (See. TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 49 re-broadcasting stations. 6 channels: PTV Home, PTV News, PTV National (Regional programming in Balochi, Pashto, Punjabi, Sindhi), PTV Global (for U.S.A.), PTV Bolan (PTV Quetta) and AJK TV (Azad Jammu & Kashmir Television – Kashmiri channel for local viewers)

Private Sector
More than 50 channels {Pakistan Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has issued licences to more than 81 applicants so far}(See.

Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (Radio Pakistan)(See. has 31 radio stations throughout Pakistan besides eight FM stations at Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Faisalabad, Sialkot and Hyderabad. Besides its World Service in English and Urdu, Radio Pakistan beams its external services in seven languages to different parts of the world.
PEMRA has issued licences for the establishment of more than 100 FM Radio stations including universities for educational purposes. A number of radio stations are already operational in major cities of Pakistan.(See.
Cable Operators More than 900 (See.

 Central Bank State Bank of Pakistan
 Nationalized Scheduled Banks First Woman Bank Ltd.
 National Bank of Pakistan
Specialized Banks Zari Taraqiati Bank (ZTBL)
Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan
Punjab Provincial Cooperative Bank Ltd
Private Scheduled Banks
 Askari Commercial Bank Limited
 Bank Al-Falah Limited
 My Bank Limited
 Faysal Bank Limited
 Bank Al-Habib Limited
 Metropolitan Bank Limited
 KASB Commercial Bank Limited
 Prime Commercial Bank Limited
 PICIC Commercial Bank Limited
 Soneri Bank Limited
 Union Bank Limited
 Meezan Bank Limited
 Saudi-Pak Commercial Bank Limited
 Crescent Commercial Bank Limited
 Dawood Bank Limited
 NDLC-IFIC Bank Limited (NIB)
 Allied Bank of Pakistan Limited
 United Bank Limited
 Habib Bank Limited
 SME Banks
 Foreign Banks ABN Amro Bank N.V
 Albaraka Islamic Bank BSC (EC)
 American Expresss Bank Limited
 Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi Limited
 Citibank N.A
 Deutsche Bank A.G.
 Habib Bank A.G. Zurich
 Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corp Limited
 Oman International Bank S.O.A.G
 Rupali Bank Limited
 Standard Chartered Bank Limited
 Development Financial Institutions Pakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corp. Limited
 Pak Kuwait Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
 Pak Libya Holding Company (Pvt) Limited
 Pak-Oman Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
 Saudi Pak Industrial and Agricutural Investment Company (Pvt) Limited
 Investment Banks Crescent Investment Bank Limited
 First International Investment Bank Limited
 Atlas Investment Bank Limited
 Security Investment Bank Limited
 Fidelity Investment Bank Limited
 Prudential Investment Bank Limited
 Islamic Investment Bank Limited
 Asset Investment Bank Limited
 Al-Towfeek Investment Bank Limited
 Jahangir Siddiqui Investment Bank Limited
 Franklin Investment Bank Limited
 Orix Investment Bank (Pak) Limited

Famous Mountain Peaks

World Rating
 K-2 (Chagori): 8616 m 2nd
 Nanga Parbat: 8125 m 8th
 Gasherbrum-I: 8068 m 11th
 Broad Peak: 8065 m 12th
 Gasherbrum-II: 8047 m 14th
 Gasherbrum-III: 7952 m 15th
 Gasherbrum-IV: 7925 m 16th
 Disteghil Sar: 7885 m 20th
 Kunyang Kish: 7852 m 22nd
 Masherbrum (NE):7821 m 24th
 Rakaposhi: 7788 m 27th
 Batura I: 7785 m 28th
 Kanjut Sar: 7760 m 29th
 Saltoro Kangri: 7742 m 33rd
 Trivor: 7720 m 36th
 Tirich Mir: 7708 m 41st

Famous Mountain Passes

Location Province

 The Khyber Pass NWFP
 The Kurram Pass FATA
 The Tochi Pass FATA
 The Gomal Pass NWFP
 The Bolan Pass Balochistan
 The Lowari Pass Chitral (NWFP)
 The Khunjrab Pass Northern Areas
 The Indus 2,896 km
 Jhelum 825 km
 Chenab 1,242 km
 Ravi 901 km
 Sutlej 1,551 km
 Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km

Famous Glaciers
 Siachin 75 km
 Batura 55 km
 Baltoro 65 km
 Deserts

 Thar Sindh
 Cholistan Punjab
 Thal Punjab
 Lakes

 Manchar Sindh
 Keenjar Sindh
 Hanna Balochistan
 Saif-ul-Maluk NWFP
 Satpara Northern Areas
 Kachura Northern Areas
 Major Dams

 Mangla Dam Punjab
 Tarbela Dam NWFP
 Warsak Dam NWFP