One of the most well-known bird in the world is peguins. A kind of bird that are described as being flightless with a cute and thick coat.The popularity of peguin has been proved among the children’s toys, cartoons, games. But not many people know what actually a peguin’s life is like. More often than not, these birds have a very limited territory since they can only survive in extremely cold environments such as in Antarctica and the nearby colder region although there are other species that can be found in the coastal area of South Africa, a small portion of New Zealand, and some parts in Australia.
Among the wide species of penguins, the Emperor is the biggest with the full grown mature emperor penguin reaching up to forty eight inches almost the size of an average adult human. On the other hand, the smallest specie is the Rockhopper which can only reach an average height of twelve inches when full mature. Typically, penguins hunt and feed in the water and since most of the water surfaces of the Antartic region are frozen solid, most of them have to dive underwater in search of krill, small squid, and other smaller fishes. Penguins are great swimmers even of their submarine like bodies and they can also hold their breaths for several minutes before resurfacing.
Penguins especially the emperor has its unique breeding phase and they can only breed one a year as compared to other sea creatures. This specie also has its own breeding ground called the rookeries and they are not able to breed on other places except for this established breeding ground. Every year, penguins travel miles and miles away in order to reach their rookery where they can lay their eggs and wait for it to hatch. Once the female penguin laid its egg, the male penguin will have to incubate it for at least nine weeks without eating anything while the female goes back to sea to replenish. This unique breeding cycle has set penguins apart from other types of sea dwelling creatures.