In planning to breed turkeys either as domesticated animals or for small businesses, it is better to know the common problems that you may encounter in breeding them. Raising turkeys may be undemanding but you need to learn also the simplest illnesses that they can get in order for you to distinguish the best solution and medicine for them to survive longer.
Like any other birds, turkeys need optimum amount of heat for them to live. They have the habit of clinging to each other whenever they feel cold. It will be hard for the smaller turkeys to survive. Smaller turkeys will likely die because of suffocation when the bigger turkeys pile up on top of them. In raising turkeys, it is better to separate the bigger ones from the smaller ones to prevent this from happening. You can keep their coop warm by placing a red lamp inside for every 20 turkeys you have and turn it on during nighttime or whenever you know that it will be cold outside. By doing these techniques, the piling up of your turkeys and death will be prevented.
Though your turkeys might look healthy and sound when they were born, it is still best to monitor their growth. If turkeys are not given much attention in their growing stages, certain disabilities may develop like bent and crooked legs that may lead to permanent limpness and death. Certain skin diseases may also be acquired if turkeys are not given the right vitamins and nutrients.
Diarrhea is a well-known illness in raising turkeys, too. It will surely affect your business because turkeys tend to die because of dehydration. This can be prevented by regularly putting certain amount of vitamins and minerals in their everyday feeds for them to grow healthy. Other nutrients can be mixed with their water too. You can also give them some antibiotics on a regular basis until their diarrhea stops. Entiritis is another intestinal-related sickness for turkeys of any age. It may be caused by certain virus, bacteria and parasites available in their cages. This can be prevented by early entiritis vaccination. It may not stop entiritis completely from happening but it will surely control the amount of bacteria and viruses in their system. Search for digestive enhancements that can be added to their feeds. Many are already EU-certified so you do not have to worry about its side effects to your turkeys.
The simplest thing to be followed to avoid acquiring any diseases is to maintain cleanliness in and out of their coops. However, it is very unrealistic to make it 100%-free from bacteria because pathogens will always be present in raising turkeys. You just need to control and maintain tidiness, especially in the feeding system, for your turkeys. BOLA TANGKAS