In order to properly care for bettas as pets, you must learn their native environment so that you can replicate it inside your betta fish tanks. The betta, better known as the Siamese fighting fish, is native to tropical regions of Asia like Cambodia, Vietnam, and Thailand. Slow moving streams or shallow ponds are the most common places where you might find the betta fish. Tanks that you prepare should be able to replicate the conditions in the Bettas’ native environment so that the stress on the fish would be lessened and it can have a long and happy lifetime.
Choosing those tiny fish bowls might seem like a good idea at first but it makes terrible betta fish tanks. The cramped conditions would reflect on your betta’s health and it would not live as long as it should. In order to provide your betta a comfortable and adequate home you must provide it with at least a 5 – 10 gallon tank. You must also provide water that is free from chlorine. Tap water should be fine, but you need to make sure that it is treated or you can also let it sit for 24 hours as the chlorine in the water would gradually evaporate into the air. Don’t forget to put some distance between the top of your tank and the water level. Bettas are known to jump out of their tanks every once in a while. If you cannot afford to lower water levels, find a mesh or netting that could serve as the cover to your tank.
The substrate that you place in the tank should also be of the natural kind. Avoid painted gravel as the chemicals in the paint might dissolve in the water. Make sure that the gravel is smooth and doesn’t have jagged edges as it may cause damage to your betta whenever it comes into contact with these surfaces. You should also avoid placing metallic decorations inside the tank as it may cause injuries to your fish.
Bettas would also love having hiding places inside its tank. For this reason you should place a real plant instead of an ornamental one. It doesn’t only provide a hiding place for your betta, it also provides oxygen to your fish and consumes the nitrites that get built up in the water. 8 hours of lighting should routinely be available to your tank. If there isn’t enough ambient light, then you should be able to provide artificial light. Not only would this be good for your fish, but the plant and nitrification bacteria in your tank would also benefit from it.
Preparing your betta fish tanks might seem like an exhausting task. But the end result should give you plenty of satisfaction and relaxation. The task doesn’t end there though because the proper maintenance should be observed to ensure the survival of your betta fish. Tanks, water, substrate, plant, and lighting, these are the aspects you need to properly prepare your own fish tank.