Men and women who reside near Lake Baikal contact it the “Sea of Baikal.” Indeed, when you stand at the water’s edge and can not see the opposite shore – you genuinely begin to believe that the locals are right.
Except for the nicely-recognized truth that Baikal is the largest lake by volume in the world, there are at least ten other wonderful points of interest about this distinctive location:
In addition to holding more water than any other, Baikal is also the oldest lake on the planet – about 25 million years old! It is practically not possible for humans to envision this age – even the Egyptian pyramids were constructed just four.5 thousand years ago.
The Lake is located on a tectonic fault – which is why it is so deep. The water of Baikal is in a chasm 1.5 km deep. For greater visualization of this number just imagine a 650-story creating placed beneath the water. Or you could place 5 Eiffel Towers on prime of 1 yet another.
No one particular has ever swum across Lake Baikal. There are almost certainly extremely couple of individuals in the world who could swim for 12 hours in average water temperatures of 8 to 10 degrees Celsius. The waters of Baikal by no means truly get warm, even in summertime. Surface layers reach only 14C degrees, and the sun’s rays can not heat the Lake’s decrease depths.
A number of species of animals and plants are unique to Baikal you can not uncover them anywhere else on Earth. One particular is the Baikal seal or nerpa – a placid animal that appears like a cute, plump seal.
The water in the Lake is so clear that you can see to a depth of 40 meters.
The waters of Lake Baikal constitute about 19 % of the world’s freshwater reserves. If we took all this water and divided it amongst the 144 million individuals in Russia, every person would get about two,700 railway tank cars of water. Incidentally, this volume of water is more than that of all 5 Great Lakes taken with each other.
In winter, it requires 1 month for Baikal’s waters to freeze strong. Cooling of the water is extremely slow due to the fact of its depth.
In winter, the water of the Lake is covered with a thick layer of ice, which is continually filled with huge cracks. The length of these cracks at times reaches 30 kilometers.
Famous film director James Cameron celebrated his 51st birthday at Baikal. He adores the spot.
There are 336 rivers and streams that flow into Lake Baikal, and only one particular – the Angara – flows out. If suddenly Baikal was no longer fed with water from all these streams, and the Angara River continued to flow, it would take 400 years for the Lake to completely empty.
This massive, marvelous lake is surrounded by mountain ridges and hills the western shore is rockier and more precipitous than the eastern coastline. The fascinating nature and landscapes, as effectively as the range of flora and fauna, attract vacationers from all over the planet. The area was awarded status as a preserve of global significance: by quantity of uncommon plants and animals, it surpasses Madagascar and the Galapagos Islands. The best time to vacation at Baikal is from Might to October. But whenever you pay a visit to this exclusive location, you will never overlook its magnificent wild nature!