A great cup of coffee doesn’t necessarily come easily, which is exactly why it is so important to put some time and effort into choosing your brew product. More specifically, there are a few things that you need to consider as important coffee characteristics to make sure that you are selecting the right Java for you.
The taste of coffee is directly related to the region it comes from, and it also depends upon the climate and soil that was used in the growth process. Coffee beans themselves have hundreds of different compounds with them that contribute to their flavor and aroma overall. There are two different types of coffee beans, Arabica and Robusta, and they both have a variety of different flavors available, depending on how they were cultivated. Arabica is the higher quality and more gourmet bean, and Robusta is seen to be the cheaper filler bean that is of a lower quality.
Regardless of which type of bean that you choose, the harvesting and roasting process do have a direct affect on their taste overall, which is precisely why you need to focus on high-quality methods in these processes. It is best to look for Organic or Fair Trade harvesting of your coffee beans because they can guarantee you that you will be getting a higher quality in the product. Organic specifically means that your coffee beans were not harvested with the use of pesticides, and the farmers also practiced crop rotation because it keeps the soil rich and fertile. Fair Trade coffee harvesting guarantees the farmers set wages that are fair, so it allows the farmers to focus more on the quality of their crop since their wages are guaranteed.
When you take all of that into account, then comes the fun part because you get decide which flavor and roast you like the best! There are a few components that go into choosing your coffee characteristics, and those are the acidity, aroma, flavor, and body of the coffee.
More specifically, the acidity is what is going to leave an aftertaste in your mouth after you take a sip of your cup of Joe. This is actually a good thing because it gives a brightness to the flavor of the coffee. If you would like a lighter taste, then you will want to look for low acidity, and a deeper taste will be a full and bright acidity.
The aroma of your coffee is also important, as if you were sipping a fine wine. It can be described with a variety of different words, like fruity, earthy, or smoky. This also directly does contribute to the flavor of the coffee, where you can detect certain undertones, such as chocolate, caramel, or citrus. Finally, your last impression of your cup of Joe will be the body of the coffee, which is what type of heavy feeling it leaves in your mouth.
With all of these impressions in mind, you can have a great time sampling different types of Javas to decide which one is the best for you!